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What are the problems in jelly making?

Rithvik Lawrence Food Technologist Answered question November 16, 2022

Problems in Jellies

A). Failure of jellies to set: Sometimes the jellies do not set due to the following reasons:
i) Lack of acid or pectin: A jelly may fail to set due to lack of acid or pectin in the fruit from which it is made. It may also fail to set due to insufficient cooking of the fruit resulting in inadequate extraction of pectin and acid.

ii) Addition of too much sugar: If sugar is added in excess of the required quantity, a syrupy or highly soft jelly results. It can be corrected by adding fresh clarified juice rich in pectin.

iii) Cooking below the end point: If the cooking is stopped before the concentration of sugar reaches 65 percent, the jelly may fail to set and may remain syrupy and highly soft.

iv) Cooking beyond the end point: If heating is continued beyond the end point, the jelly becomes tough due to over-concentration. This occurs when the juice is rich in both acid and pectin and enough sugar has not been added. If the acid is in excess, the pectin breaks down and forms syrup like jelly.

B). Synersis or weeping of jelly: The phenomenon of spontaneous exudation of fluid from a gel is called synersis or weeping of jelly. It is caused by following factors:

i) Excess of acid: Addition of excess of acid results in the breakdown of jelly structure due to the hydrolysis or decomposition of pectin.

ii) Too low concentration of sugar or soluble solids: This causes the network of pectin to hold more liquid than it possibly can do under normal conditions.

iii) Insufficient pectin: This results in the formation of a pectin network which is not sufficiently dense and rigid enough to hold the sugar syrup.

iv) Premature gelation: Gelation is caused due to breakdown of pectin during pouring of jelly into the containers. The jelly becomes weak and remains broken.

v) Fermented jellies: Fermentation usually takes place in those jellies in which synersis has taken place.

C). Cloudy or foggy jelly: It might be due to use of non-clarified extract, use of immature fruits (immature fruits contain starch which is insoluble in juice), Over cooking and cooling, non-removal of skum, faulty pouring (when jelly poured from a great height, air get trapped in bubbles form and jelly become opaque) and premature gelation is also a reason for cloudy or foggy jelly.

D). Formation of crystals: Crystals in the jelly may be formed due to addition of excess sugar.

Rithvik Lawrence Food Technologist Edited answer November 16, 2022
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